A Reserves Policy explains to existing and potential funders, donors, beneficiaries and other stakeholders why a charity is holding a particular amount of reserves.
A good reserves policy gives confidence to stakeholders that the charity’s finances are being properly managed and will also provide an indicator of future funding needs and its overall resilience.
The Charities SORP requires a statement of a charity’s reserves policy within its annual report. In addition, if a charity operates without a reserves policy, the regulations require this fact to be stated in the annual report.
You can find out much more here
The hourly rate for the minimum wage depends on your age and whether you’re an apprentice.
You must be at least:
- school leaving age to get the National Minimum Wage
- aged 25 to get the National Living Wage – the minimum wage will still apply for workers aged 24 and under
These rates are for the National Living Wage and the National Minimum Wage. The rates change every April.
||25 and over
||21 to 24
||18 to 20
|April 2017 (current)
More detailed information can be found here
You may be put on an emergency tax code if you change jobs. HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) will correct it automatically after you’ve given your employer details of your previous income or pension.
Your employer will get these details from your P45 – if you don’t have one, they should ask you for further information.
HMRC will also update your tax code when:
After your tax code changes
HMRC will adjust your tax code so you pay the right amount of tax across the year. They’ll write to you or email you when your tax code has been updated.
They will also tell your employer or pension provider that your tax code has changed. Your next payslip should show:
- your new tax code
- adjustments to your pay if you were paying the wrong amount of tax
Find out more here
When to apply to register your charity
Usually, you must register with the Charity Commission if your charity is based in England or Wales and has over £5,000 income per year. The commission will take action to secure compliance if it identifies a charity which isn’t registered but should be.
If your charity is a charitable incorporated organisation (CIO) it must register whatever its income.
Charities that don’t have to register
Small unincorporated charities
If your charity is based in England and Wales and isn’t a CIO, you don’t have to apply to register it if its annual income is less than £5,000. But you can still apply to HM Revenue and Customs for recognition as a charity to get charity tax breaks and claim gift aid.
You can apply to the commission to register this sort of charity voluntarily, but the commission will only consider applications in exceptional circumstances. For example, if you can prove that your charity has been offered significant funds but has to provide a registered charity number before it can receive the funds.
More details can be found here
Happy New Year everyone! Now we are all back at work, maybe it’s time to clarify who is a ‘worker’ in your organisation
A person is generally classed as a ‘worker’ if
- they have a contract or other arrangement to do work or services personally for a reward (your contract doesn’t have to be written)
- their reward is for money or a benefit in kind, for example the promise of a contract or future work
- they only have a limited right to send someone else to do the work (subcontract)
- they have to turn up for work even if they don’t want to
- their employer has to have work for them to do as long as the contract or arrangement lasts
- they aren’t doing the work as part of their own limited company in an arrangement where the ‘employer’ is actually a customer or client
Workers are entitled to certain employment rights, including:
- getting the National Minimum Wage
- protection against unlawful deductions from wages
- the statutory minimum level of paid holiday
- the statutory minimum length of rest breaks
- to not work more than 48 hours on average per week or to opt out of this right if they choose
- protection against unlawful discrimination
- protection for ‘whistleblowing’ – reporting wrongdoing in the workplace
- to not be treated less favourably if they work part-time
More details can be found here
Wishing you all a joyful Christmas and a peaceful and prosperous New Year from all of us at DCAS
The office will be closed for the Christmas Holidays from Friday 22nd December 2017 until Tuesday 2nd January 2018
Our Winter Newsletter should now be with you, but if you have not received it, you can read it online here Winter 2017 Newsletter.
If you would like us to post a copy to you, you can join our Newsletter Distribution List by contacting us here
When to change charity structure
Changing to a different charitable structure usually involves setting up a new charity, transferring your original charity’s assets and liabilities to it then closing your original charity.
Your charity’s legal structure sets out what type your charity is. There are four common types of charity structure:
- charitable incorporated organisation (CIO) – there are 2 structures; association CIO and foundation CIO
- charitable company (limited by guarantee)
- unincorporated association
Your charity’s legal structure determines:
- who will run it and whether it will have a wider membership
- whether it can enter into contracts or employ staff in its own name
- whether its trustees are personally liable for what it does
A “Changing Charity Structure Checklist” can be found here
You must tell Companies House about any changes to your limited company, including:
- directors and company secretaries, eg new appointments, resignations or changes to their personal details
- changing your company name
- changing your registered office address
- changing your accounting reference date
- changing where your company records are kept, if different from your registered address
- which records you’ll keep at an alternative address
More information can be found here